Rotation set for maps of degree 1 on the graph sigma
Israel Journal of Mathematics,
184, 275-299, 2011.
For a continuous map on a topological graph containing a unique loop
S it is possible to define the degree and, for a map of degree 1,
rotation numbers. It is known that the set of rotation numbers of
points in S is a compact interval and for every rational r
in this interval there exists a periodic point of rotation number
r. The whole rotation set (i.e. the set of all rotation
numbers) may not be connected and it is not known in general whether
it is closed.
The graph sigma is the space consisting in an interval attached by
one of its endpoints to a circle. We show that, for a map of degree 1
on the graph sigma, the rotation set is closed and has finitely many
connected components. Moreover, for all rational numbers r in the
rotation set, there exists a periodic point of rotation number r.
[pdf (published paper)]